ABC Data Chart - Be a stress detective
Classroom Volume Meter
This could be posted in the classroom or home with a large binder clip on the side, clipped onto the section that applies - if the class volume is just right, the binder clip is at the bottom. When the volume starts to get a bit too noisy, the teacher / parent can move it to the middle section, perhaps dinging a bell before doing so to get students' attention, or walking around with it to show students, especially those with the loudest volumes. Teach the class / individual what the logical consequences will be; for example, if the class can remain in the green and yellow zones throughout the activity, a favourite class activity will follow, or stickers and high fives will be handed out if the class (or individual) remains in the green Just-Right zone.
Token Board (Countdown)
Token boards are used to demonstrate visually how much work needs to be done before a chosen reinforcer will be accessible. A student might have to complete 5 questions on a math worksheet, for example, or complete 5 different activity centres or bins before getting the reinforcer of his choice. The reinforcer can be pre-determined and a visual of it placed on the large red square on the right. The token board can be used in a few ways. A large washer (or cardboard cutout) could be placed on the number 5, and slid across as each task is complete, so the circle always sits over the number the child is currently on. Another option is to print 2 copies of the board, using the second to cut out only the number buttons. Velcro the number buttons individually over the first board, and as each task is complete, remove it's number, so only the remaining numbers are visible. Be creative - you can increase the number of numbers on a board, or start with fewer; you know your child!
Circle Time Expectations
We can support behaviour by proactively (and visually) demonstrating clear expectations. Try reviewing expectations briefly and simply at the beginning of group time. Try explaining the benefits or reinforcers of following the rules. Having a visual like this one also allows us to use this picture to point to the rules as reminders, rather than being disruptive and inefficient by the repetitive use of verbal reminders. When creating your own, remember to state what TO do, and not what NOT to do!
100 Ways To Praise a Child
We use the phrase "good job" entirely too much. It loses its meaning! We need to remind ourselves to use authentic praise, and more of it! I've always been cautious to use praise specific to the behaviour or response. Even when praise is positive, I don't want it to be child specific; if I tell a child he is incredible because he coloured a page in perfectly, does it mean the child who does not colour well is not incredible? By praising individual skills and behaviours, we are helping to build a positive self-concept. We also wouldn't say "Good boy" or "Bad boy" to judge a person based on a behaviour, for the same reasons. It doesn't call attention to the behaviour we are talking about, and assumes that the person is defined by that one behaviour. Reinforce all those incredible things your chidlren are doing...have fun!